The Network Architecture of the Data-processing System for the Photodetector of an Orbital Detector of Ultra-high Energy Cosmic Rays
An orbital detector of ultra-high energy cosmic rays has been developed by the Skobel’tsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Moscow State University together with the international JEM-EUSO collaboration for mounting on board the International Space Station. Its multichannel photodetector is composed of an array of multianode photomultiplier tubes (MAPMTs) combined into modules with 36 MAPMTs in each and with approximately 105 pixels in total. Since the number of channels is great and the speed of measurements is high, high requirements are set for the system of detection, selection, and analysis of events. The designs of the modular photodetector composition and the network architecture of the data processing system that is capable of performing efficient selection of events with different space−time structures are presented. The network principle is implemented via three types of communications: high-speed links between adjacent photodetector modules, long-distance communications for recording information to the permanent memory, and synchronizing links for timing the operation of individual modules. This digital-processing system of the detector can be designed using the ZYNQ system-on-chip concept that includes a field programmable gate array and a processor system.